Selected skin disorders of puppies
There are many skin disorders that are recognized in puppies, with a variety of etiologies. These include infectious causes, congenital and/or heritable disorders, and autoimmune problems, and specific treatment depends upon an accurate diagnosis.
Direct impression skin cytology is an important diagnostic tool whenever papules, pustules, crusts or scale are present.
The presence of lymphadenopathy, pyrexia, and anorexia differentiates juvenile cellulitis from impetigo or bacterial folliculitis.
Primary causes of scale are associated with ichthyosis. Golden Retrievers have a unique presentation of ichthyosis which seems to be more prevalent than other forms.
Scale as a clinical sign in puppies may be associated with myriad causes including nutrition, allergies, parasites and infection.