Worldwide medical and scientific journal for animal health professionals

Issue number 26.1 Other Scientific

Selected skin disorders of puppies

Published 11/03/2021

Written by Robert Kennis

Also available in Français , Deutsch , Italiano , Română and Español

There are many skin disorders that are recognized in puppies, with a variety of etiologies. These include infectious causes, congenital and/or heritable disorders, and autoimmune problems, and specific treatment depends upon an accurate diagnosis. 

Crusts and erosions on the face of a puppy with juvenile cellulitis.

Key points

Direct impression skin cytology is an important diagnostic tool whenever papules, pustules, crusts or scale are present.


The presence of lymphadenopathy, pyrexia, and anorexia differentiates juvenile cellulitis from impetigo or bacterial folliculitis.


Primary causes of scale are associated with ichthyosis. Golden Retrievers have a unique presentation of ichthyosis which seems to be more prevalent than other forms.


Scale as a clinical sign in puppies may be associated with myriad causes including nutrition, allergies, parasites and infection.


Introduction 

There are many skin disorders that are recognized in puppies, with a variety of etiologies. These include infectious causes, congenital and/or heritable disorders, and autoimmune problems, and specific treatment depends upon an accurate diagnosis. This paper identifies a selected number of skin disorders that are relevant to a worldwide audience, and each problem will be presented in a clinical-based format of signalment, history, clinical signs, differential diagnoses, diagnostic methodology and treatment options. 
 

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