Most practices will have access to an ultrasound machine; in this paper Greg Lisciandro discusses how a structured approach to abdominal scanning can help rapid identification of potential bladder abnormalities and related problems.
Prevention and treatment of urolithiasis in our feline patients requires a multi-factorial approach; here Cecilia Villaverde reviews one of the most important aspects, namely maintenance of a low urinary specific gravity, and suggests possible ways to achieve this.
Although urinalysis is a routine and everyday test for all small animal practices, there are various potential pitfalls that can markedly affect the reliability of the results obtained, as Paola Scarpa explains.
Urinary incontinence is a common presentation to the small animal clinician; Rafael Nickel shares his thoughts on how to approach such cases and discusses some of the newer techniques available for treatment.
Minimally invasive options for removal of uroliths are now the standard of care in human medicine, and similar methods are finding increasing application in veterinary medicine, as Marilyn Dunn describes.
Terminology can be important when dealing with canine urinary problems, as it facilitates clear understanding of the disease process and assists in decision-making for both diagnosis and treatment, as J. Scott Weese describes.
Clinicians will be all-too-familiar with the cat that has recurrent diarrhea; dealing with these patients can be frustrating for both the veterinarian and the owner, but Craig Webb offers his thoughts on how best to approach these cats with a case-based article that illustrates the key pointers for a successful outcome.
Simple to use and remarkably effective, feeding a sick dog via an intra-nasal tube can be an invaluable adjunct in a variety of clinical situations and is often a decisive factor in ensuring a positive outcome in many cases; in this paper Joris Robben and Chiara Valtolina highlight the practicalities involved for optimal results.