Worldwide medical and scientific journal for animal health professionals
Veterinary Focus
Rafael Nickel

Rafael Nickel, PhD, Dipl. ECVS


Professor Nickel qualified from Hannover Veterinary School in 1983 and his career has spanned research, small animal practice and academia. He joined Utrecht University in 1989, where he worked as a specialist and lecturer in surgery and urology – and completed his PhD on canine urinary incontinence – before becoming a partner and manager at a private small animal clinic near Hamburg. As well as holding the ECVS Diploma in small animal surgery, he has Dutch recognition as a small animal surgery specialist and is a visiting lecturer at both the Free University of Berlin and Justus-Liebig University in Giessen.

Contributions from Rafael Nickel

Browse between the articles contributions from this author below.

How I approach…. Canine urinary incontinence

Issue number29.2 Published 26/09/2019

How I approach…. Canine urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence is a common presentation to the small animal clinician...

By Rafael Nickel