Some of the smaller breeds of dog are prone to hydrocephalus, which can be associated with various health problems; William Thomas describes how to best diagnose the condition and the preferred options to treat and manage affected patients.
Pediatric hydrocephalus most commonly affects young, small breed dogs.
Diagnosis is based on skull conformation, neurologic deficits and brain imaging.
Ultrasound through a persistent fontanelle is a practical way to image the lateral ventricles.
Definitive treatment requires surgical placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.