Worldwide medical and scientific journal for animal health professionals

Issue number 27.3 Other Scientific

Canine hydrocephalus

Published 28/11/2019

Written by William B. Thomas

Also available in Français , Deutsch , Italiano and Español

Some of the smaller breeds of dog are prone to hydrocephalus, which can be associated with various health problems; William Thomas describes how to best diagnose the condition and the preferred options to treat and manage affected patients.

Canine hydrocephalus

Key Points

Pediatric hydrocephalus most commonly affects young, small breed dogs.


Diagnosis is based on skull conformation, neurologic deficits and brain imaging.


Ultrasound through a persistent fontanelle is a practical way to image the lateral ventricles.


Definitive treatment requires surgical placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.


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