Worldwide medical and scientific journal for animal health professionals
Veterinary Focus

Issue number 28.1 Other Scientific

Dermatological signs of canine leishmaniasis

Published 27/08/2020

Written by Xavier Roura and Laura Ordeix

Also available in Français , Deutsch , Italiano , Polski , Português , Русский and Español

Both cutaneous and visceral forms of leishmaniasis can occur in regions of the world where the insect vector is endemic; this paper reviews the dermatological forms of the disease, with a focus on clinical signs and potential treatment options.

Dermatological features of canine leishmaniasis

Key Points

Leishmaniasis is a chronic disease with a long incubation period – clinical signs may develop months or years after the initial infection.

Despite recent advances in knowledge, the diagnosis, treatment and control of leishmaniasis remains challenging.

More than 80% of dogs with leishmaniasis disease develop dermatological signs, but there is a wide variety in the type of skin lesions seen.

A structured clinical approach is necessary for any dog with suspected leishmaniasis, and accurate diagnosis, adequate treatment and frequent follow-ups are vital.

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