Gastric dilatation and volvulus
Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) is a life-threatening condition which requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. Although cases have been reported in cats it is more commonly dogs that present with the condition, which involves gaseous distension of the stomach in association with rotation along the longitudinal axis.
Gastric dilatation and volvulus is a life-threatening condition; prompt diagnosis and treatment are vital to reduce morbidity and mortality.
The pathophysiology of gastric dilatation is a complex subject and incompletely elucidated.
Gastric decompression is of the utmost importance when treating this condition, either by placement of a stomach tube or by percutaneous trocharization.
Serum lactate levels are a useful indicator of response to treatment; it is thought to be a positive indicator of survival if the level decreases by > 50% within the first twelve hours of therapy.