Worldwide medical and scientific journal for animal health professionals

Issue number 29.1 Other Scientific

Feline infectious peritonitis

Published 25/04/2019

Written by Elizabeth A. Berliner

Also available in Français , Deutsch , Italiano , Português and Español

Amongst the many feline viruses, the agent that causes FIP is perhaps the most elusive and frustrating to diagnose and treat. Elizabeth Berliner offers a review of the disease and some pointers as to what may be around the corner in terms of therapy.

Feline infectious peritonitis

Key Points

Feline Infections Peritonitis (FIP) is the result of a mutation of the ubiquitous feline coronavirus (FCoV).


Risk factors for FIP include cats less than 2 years of age, group housing, and exposure to stressful events, including surgery or rehoming.


Diagnosis is often complicated and relies on a combination of history and clinical signs supported by diagnostic testing; FCoV serology should never be used to make a diagnosis of FIP.


FIP usually shows rapid progression of clinical signs and is generally terminal. Treatment is typically unrewarding, but there are currently some promising experimental therapies under investigation.


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